This project originates from the Musée d’art et d’histoire de Neuch & acirc; tel, a precious collection with a history of more than 100 years: Pierre · The automatic doll machine made by Pierre Jaquet-Droz and his son Henri-Louis Jaquet-Droz aims to provide the public with a deep understanding of the world of creative genius and automatic doll machines.
To this end, the Musée d’art et d’histoire de Neuch & acirc; tel, the Musée d’art et d’histoire de Neuch & acirc; tel, the Musée international d’horlogerie de La Chaux-de-Fonds and Le Locle Watch Museum-Montée (Musée d’horlogerie du Locle – Ch & acirc; teau des Monts) jointly held an exhibition to pay tribute to the three watch geniuses of the 18th century, these three watch geniuses are: Pierre Jacques-De Pierre Jaquet-Droz, his son Henri-Louis and their partner Jean-Frédéric Leschot.
To this end, the Musée d’art et d’histoire de Neuch & acirc; tel, the Neuchatel Museum of Art and History, and the Jaquet-Dro from the mountains of Neuch & acirc; tel Droz and his sons enjoy the reputation of genius inventors and business geniuses. Their fame has spread throughout Europe and the world. Their works are luxurious and luxurious, with subtle elegance, including jewellery equipped with micro-mechanical devices, musical watches (such as timepiece birds), automatic doll clocks and automatic doll machines.
To this end, the Musée d’art et d’histoire de Neuch & acirc; tel, the Neuchatel Museum of Art and History, La is a genius of Jaquet-Droz and Leschot, And show the significant impact of its design concept on today’s scientific achievements. The three museums work together to bring together the original collections and combine the exclusive collections lent by private and public institutions to present a wonderful exhibition for visitors. The exhibition will be held in three museums in three languages (French, German, English) at the same time. It will perfectly combine art and technology to lead visitors into a world tour that continues from the 18th century to the present. Robot Dolls and Miracles: Jacques Droe and Reso
Who are Jaquet-Droz’s father and son and Leschot? How do they create their own business? How did they start from La Chaux-de-Fonds and gradually conquer Geneva, London, Paris, and even the world? What role does the automatic doll machine play in its design known for luxury? More broadly, how did the 18th-century automatic doll machine become a tool for scientific and philosophical research? How are automatic dolls connected to robots today and in the future? The above questions will be answered one by one in the exhibition of the Museum of Art and History in Neuchâtel (MAHN- Musée d’ art et d’ histoire de Neuch & acirc; tel). Automatic doll machines and miracles: dynamic gestures … stunning mechanical devices:
Automatic music installations are the focus of this thematic exhibition. Exhibits include: automatic doll music boxes, hand-operated organs, automatic playing instruments, and a variety of musical clocks and table clocks. In addition, there are automatic ‘celestial bodies’ such as mysterious clocks, permanent motion devices, planetary instruments and complex astronomical indication clocks, which are breathtaking. Visitors will be amazed and fascinated by this temporary exhibition held at the International Watch Museum. Automatic doll machines and wonders: luxury and pocket masterpieces
Since the second half of the 18th century, the pocket music installation industry has risen. Pierre Jaquet-Droz and his son Henri-Louis dominate the field in this area. The exhibition will show how Jaquet-Droz watchmakers and their heirs have inherited this tradition from generation to generation. Mechanical miniaturization allows watchmakers to add a variety of decorations (such as watches, bird cages, snuff bottles), timekeeping birds, music boxes or event stages. They are also good at making automatic doll machines and small mechanical animals. Miniatures and elegance are the subjects of the MHL-Musée d’ horlogerie du Locle exhibition.
Jacques de watch & clock co.
Since joining the Swatch Group in 2000, Montres Jaquet Droz SA has carried forward the expertise of the founder Pierre Jaquet Droz and has continued to write the brand Legendary history. Today, the values of elegance and willingness to travel in the Enlightenment era are still the core philosophy of the brand. This time around Pierre Jaquet-Droz, his son Henri-Louis and his partner Jean-Frédéric Leschot The exhibition is an indestructible and close connection between the Enlightenment and the third millennium … Against this background, Montres Jaquet Droz SA hopes to support the Association of Automatic Doll Machines and Miracles Organize this wonderful exhibition. ‘Pierre JAQUET-DROZ’ (The Writer) (1774)
In 1774, Pierre Jaquet-Droz (1721–1790), his son Henri-Louis Jaquet-droz (1752–1791) and Jean -For the first time, Jean-Frédéric Leschot (1746-1824) displayed three automatic doll machines at their watchmaking factory in La Chaux-de-Fonds: writer, musician and The painter, these three treasures are currently in the collection of the Musée d’art et d’histoire de Neuch & acirc; tel. At the time, there was also a large mechanical device called ‘La Grotte’. Unfortunately, it has been lost for a long time. The exhibition was a great success. The audience came from all directions. Jaquet-Droz’s timepieces are often decorated with flute or small automatic doll machines. The quality, precision and complexity have long been known in Europe. The success of this exhibition eventually opened up the international market for Jaquet-Droz. The automatic doll machine exhibited in 1774 has since become its best publicity and marketing tool, and has made a significant contribution to the international development of the brand.
‘Writer’ is the first automatic doll machine created by Jaquet-Droz. Pierre Jaquet-Droz started to create this work in 1768, and has been concentrating on exquisite mechanical devices, and has continued to explore in the field of bionics and motion simulation. Jean-Frédéric Leschot contributed to Pierre’s work. Later, Henri-Louis Jaquet-droz improved the device. This automatic doll machine is about 70 cm high. The little boy sitting on a stool is holding a quill and writing at a mahogany wooden table. Its mechanical device is undoubtedly the most complicated of the three automatic doll machines. It is unique in that it can control the program, the little boy can write 3 lines of text, a total of 40 characters. The little writer clenched the quill pen in his right hand, dipped the ink lightly, and rushed word by word on the moving white paper, and blinked his head during the writing process. Jacques Dro and China:
As experienced entrepreneurs, since 1774, Jaquet-Droz and his sons have traveled to Europe with their automatic doll machines, and they have been exhibited in many European royal courts. They were once Louis X in Paris. Guests of the Six Royal Family, Brussels Royal Family and Dutch Royal Family.
London played a pivotal role in the 18th century watch industry. Since 1775, Henri-Louis Jaquet-Droz has set up a ‘mechanical stage’ here. Audiences must pay tickets and enjoy Watchmaker’s superb skills and creativity. He met many watch dealers here, including the famous James Cox, whose sons distributed watches in Guangzhou, China, and Duval, who was good at trading with China ( Duval) family. Henri-Louis Jaquet-Droz established a watchmaking factory under his sole authority, producing watches mainly for China. In 1783, Henri-Louis left London and settled in Geneva with his partner and successor, Jean-Frédéric Leschot. London watch factory entrusted Henri Maillardet to manage.
The products of these two watchmakers are mainly targeted at the Asian market. Due to the lack of detailed information, the relevant production details are difficult to reproduce. According to a rough estimate (existing archives), about 650 products were sold between 1781 and 1810, of which two-thirds were sold to China, but the specific output is difficult to determine. The sales list lists the types of specialty products: watches, snuff bottles, perfume bottles and shrines, all of which are sold in pairs. The list also describes the material of the product, and sometimes mentions mechanical devices, and indicates decorative characteristics: enamel, precious stones, musical time birds, musical melody, etc. Products are shipped through a network of brokers, transporters and insurance companies. And shipping routes change over time. For example, during the French Revolution, trade between France and Britain was interrupted. Jean-Frédéric Leschot in Geneva has played an important role since 1784. He is responsible for product perfection, assembly, packaging, shipping and ensuring delivery to London. The products were then sold to China by watch exporters. After the death of two members of the Jacques-Derault family, Jean-Frédéric Leschot continued to produce until the early 19th century.
The Jaquet Droz Magician
During the Enlightenment, three realist masterpieces were born in the watchmaking workshop of Swiss watchmaker Pierre Jaquet Droz: three mechanical puppets named musicians, writers and painters. The three robotic puppets that once swept the European royal family have now become immortal legends, and they are treasured in the Musée d’ art et d’ histoire de Neuch & acirc; tel in Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
With the goal of reviving this exquisite mechanical craftsmanship, Jaquet Droz created a new robotic figure: the magician. This mechanical device consisting of 1437 parts took 6 months to complete. It is a true technical gem, with more delicate and precise craftsmanship, bringing unprecedented surprises to brand proponents. The collection of all kinds of craftsmanship, showing the beauty and beauty, has always been Jacques DeRoot’s specialty. This specialty runs through the entire process of designing and manufacturing the robot puppet, and it is even more exciting and charming.
The key action of the magician’s puppet is: when his head is turned from right to left, his eyes are very realistic, and he looks forward in harmony. When his arms move, he drives his hands and takes out the bells one after another as a trick. He can also shake left and right to transform a bird from the table. The magician has keen action and vivid eyes. The hand-crafted and detailed bird shape is exquisitely realistic and can be rotated freely. When birds fly lightly on their wings, bird tails and bird pecks also move naturally, as if they are about to sing.
The magician doll that condenses Jacques Dro’s craftsmanship is undoubtedly an extreme handicraft made from a variety of precious materials, such as gold, ebony, and exquisite mahogany, which brings unique beauty to the work. Of course, the magician dolls made by hand are also full of extraordinary magic that swept the royal family. More importantly, this work proves that happiness can cross the limits of time and space.